How Diabetes could lead to Poor Eyesight in Paducah, Kentucky
Diabetes is a condition where the body has difficulty regulating blood sugar levels. Diabetes can cause circulation issues, heart disease, kidney problems, and poor eyesight.
Furthermore, more than 23 million people (approximately 7 percent of the population) have been diagnosed with diabetes in the United States. Approximately 1.5 million new cases of diabetes will be treated each year.
How diabetes can be a cause of Poor Eyesight
High blood sugar levels can damage blood vessels in the back of the eyes leading to poor eyesight.
Cleveland Clinic lists symptoms of diabetes-related eye problems as including blurred vision, eye discomfort, and or permanent loss of vision. Eye diseases commonly associated with diabetes include glaucoma, cataracts, and retinopathy. Also according to The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease (NIDDK), “damaged blood vessels may leak fluid while blood vessels may also begin to grow. These blood vessels can bleed into the middle part of the eye, lead to scarring, or high pressure inside your eye.” According to WebMD, diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in people between age 20 and age 74.
Approximately one in three people with diabetes who are over 40 have some associated eye disease. The most common type of diabetic eye disease is diabetic retinopathy. This condition is caused by weak blood vessels behind the eye and in the retina. In the early stages of retinopathy, blood vessels weaken, bulge, and leak into the retina. Also existing blood vessels can close off, causing new ones to form. They can overlay the retina and prevent your eyes from “seeing” and visual signals from reaching the brain.
The NIDDK maintains that diagnosing and treating diabetic retinopathy early can reduce the risk of blindness by 95 percent.
Cataracts affect the lens of the eye. A person with cataracts has a cloudy lens that makes his or her vision cloudy and indistinct. In addition, cataracts are common as people age, diabetes can cause cataracts earlier in life. Also, Cataracts are treated by surgery to remove the cloudy lens and is replaced with an artificial one.
Glaucoma is an eye condition that affects the optic nerve. According to the NIDDK, people with diabetes have a 50 percent greater chance of developing glaucoma. Also if not treated early, this condition can lead to vision loss and even blindness.
Glaucoma can be asymptomatic in the early stages, just one more reason regular eye exams are essential. Glaucoma is also effectively treated in most patients with medication.
Also, the best things to do to prevent complications with your diabetes is to keep your blood sugar levels stable, stop smoking, and have regular eye exams.
Furthermore, we recommend that people with diabetes schedule a thorough eye exam at least once a year. Also this will make sure that any eye diseases are caught early.
To learn more about how diabetes can affect your eyesight, visit brushoptical.com or call us at (insert contact info) to schedule an appointment. For 20 years, We’ve been helping Paducah-area residents with diabetic eye care.